Vegetable-tanned leather – is tanned using eco-friendly tannins and other ingredients found in different vegetable matter, such as tree bark prepared in bark mills, wood, leaves, fruits and roots and other similar sources. It is supple and brown in color, with the exact shade depending on the mix of chemicals and the color of the skin. It is the only form of leather suitable for use in leather carving or stamping. The process is more time consuming and requires much more skill to tan the hides, this means they are of better quality compared to chome-tanning.

Advantages of veg-tan leather:

  • Vegetable tanning is eco-friendly
  • Great durability – items can probably be re-use by your children
  • Richly coloured finish
  • Develop beautiful patina over time


Full-grain leather – refers to hides that have not been sanded, buffed, or snuffed (as opposed to top-grain or corrected leather) to remove imperfections (or natural marks) on the surface of the hide. The grain remains allowing the fiber strength and durability. The grain also has breathability, resulting in less moisture from prolonged contact. Rather than wearing out, it will develop a patina during its expected useful lifetime. High quality leather furniture and footwear are often made from full-grain leather.

Chrome-tanned leather – invented in 1858, is tanned using chromium sulfate and other salts of chromium. It is more supple and pliable than vegetable-tanned leather and does not discolor or lose shape as drastically in water as vegetable-tanned. It is also known as wet-blue for its color derived from the chromium. More exotic colors are possible when using chrome tanning. The chrome tanning method usually only takes a day to finish, and the ease and agility of this method make it a popular choice. It is reported that chrome-tanned leather adds up to 80% of the global leather supply.

Disadvantages of chrome-tanned leather:

  • Chrome tanning is very bad for the environment
  • It doesn’t wear well with time
  • Has a ‘plastic’ look and often smells of chemicals
  • Lacks of charm and warmth


Top-grain leather – the most common type used in high-end leather products is the second-highest quality. It has had the “split” layer separated away, making it thinner and more pliable than full-grain. Its surface has been sanded and a finish coat added to the surface which results in a colder, plastic feel with less breathability, and it will not develop a natural patina. It is typically less expensive and has greater resistance to stains than full-grain leather, so long as the finish remains unbroken.


Available finishes: